The Huge Difference Between ‘Dry’ And ‘Dehydrated’ Skin
If one day you decided to go for some skin analysis to an esthetician, chances are you will learn a major lesson in skincare, a lesson that will make your beauty choices much easier, understanding your skin issues will rise profoundly.. You will be surprised to finally put an end to the major misunderstanding between ‘dry’ and ‘dehydrated’ skin.. Did it ever occur to you these two skin conditions are remotely different?
You’ve probably heard of both terms; “dry” and “dehydrated”, chances are you use them equally to describe an arid skin state.. However, the differences are studied in esthetics school extensively and professionals know that they are quite significant. Rest assured that ‘dry’ and ‘dehydrated’ are quite different and the remedies for treating each vary.
Note: Unlike dry skin that’s a consistent condition, dehydrated skin isn’t always prolonged.
Dry Skin Analyzed
Dry skin means that skin does not produce enough oil (sebum).. As a skin type, it is known as alipidic skin. It’s important to know that our skin relies on oil to retain its moisture level; without it, dryness appears..
Caused by genetics, age, hormones, lifestyle and environment; dry skin can equally be caused by using overly drying skincare products..
How To Know That You’ve Got Dry Skin?
1 || Pores are medium to small and borderline non-existent. People with dry skin have a smoother texture. The fact that there is not enough oil production will stop follicles from dilating and stretching the pores, which is a plus for those with lifelong dry skin, so consider yourself lucky in this regard! As when it comes to oily skin types, those have to use retinol faithfully to achieve smaller-looking pores.
2 || There is minimal to no acne. This is another benefit! Oil is one of the underlying causes of blemishes. However, you might encounter occasional hormonal cystic blemishes, which can occur at any age and do not mean you have oily skin.
3 || Skin consistently feels tight and dry and may appear rough and flaky. However, if you’re exfoliating regularly, flakiness is less likely to occur.
4 || Fine lines and wrinkles are pronounced. This is, of course, related to how much or little sun damage your skin has had.
5 || Skin is generally sensitive, that is because the barrier function is compromised. Avoid inflammation as much as you can!
How To Live With And Treat Dry Skin
1 || Always choose products specific for dry skin.. Make sure to include gentle but effective exfoliants to smooth away the dry cells that can contribute to a rough texture. Lactic acid, in particular, helps improve natural production of intercellular lipids for a healthy barrier function.
2 || Prevent moisture loss. Choose the right type of moisturizer or skin oil.
3 || Wash with mild cleansing lotions formulated for your skin type. Avoid using bar soap or harsh foaming cleansers.
4 || After cleansing, never leave the skin bare for more than 60 seconds. This helps prevent moisture evaporation. You should always immediately apply your next product (moisturizing toner, serum, and/or moisturizer).
5 || Use a humidifier during winter to keep moisture in the air—and in your skin.
6 || Use a moisturizing skin serum before moisturizer to provide an additional layer of protection and nourishment to the skin.
7 || Apply a skin oil on top of your moisturizer as a final step in your nighttime routine.
8 || Exfoliating around the eyes is a must...Use a gentle exfoliant around the eye area to smooth away dry, crepey lines.
9 || Be wise when using prescription retinoids.. Always consult your dermatologist.
Dehydrated Skin Analyzed
Dehydrated skin lacks water content. As a skin type it is knows as trans-epidermal water loss. The skin can still have normal or even overactive sebaceous oil activity. If you still produce oil and get breakouts but your skin seems dry, it’s simply dehydrated. Dehydration is common in oily to combination skin and usually is a direct result of using overly harsh products, such as bar soaps, high-foaming cleansers, and prescription retinoids..
How To Know That You’ve Got Dehydrated Skin?
1 || Skin feels tight and can easily form fine lines due to lack of water in surface cells. Note: Unlike dry skin that’s a consistent condition, dehydrated skin isn’t always prolonged. It can feel tight one day and normal the next based on various factors. Unless of course, you’re regularly using overly-drying products or regularly over-exfoliating (then it will feel tight consistently!).
2 || A DIY exam will help you identify dehydrated skin. You can see it demonstrated in this video. You might witness criss-cross lines.. Try doing this again after performing your nighttime routine. After applying moisturizer, you should see fewer of these lines.
3 || Skin can appear tight and shiny even if no visible oil is present. Switching to a gentler cleanser and using moisturizer morning and night will decrease the shiny almost mirror-looking effect skin.. This usually does the trick!
How To Live With And Treat Dehydrated Skin
1 || Keeping water levels up in skin is a surefire way to avoid dehydrated skin.. This should include gentle but effective exfoliants to smooth away the surface dehydrated cells that can contribute to skin tightness.
2 || Use a moisturizer containing humectants to keep skin looking plump and dewy. Look for Ingredients like glycerin, sodium hyaluronate (the salt of hyaluronic acid with a lower molecular size for maximum absorption), sodium PCA, sorbitol, allantoin and various forms of algae. These help draw water from the environment into the skin to keep it soft and supple.
3 || Use alcohol-free toners containing humectants. Toners are truly fabulous for hydrating the skin.
4 || After cleansing, never leave the skin bare for more than 60 seconds to prevent moisture evaporation. You must immediately apply your next products (moisturizing toner, serum, and moisturizer).
5 || Add a skin serum underneath a moisturizer for a boost of hydration.
6 || Use a humidifier during the winter months to keep moisture in the air.
7 || Go easy on exfoliants. Using too many acids and scrubs too often and too aggressively can cause surface dehydration and inflammation.
8 || Use a gentle exfoliant around the eye area to smooth away dry, crepey lines. Yes, exfoliating around the eyes is a thing and you really should be doing it.
9 || Use only sulfate-free cleansing gels as this, too, prevents unnecessary dehydration.
Bottom line; Dry skin is a type, dehydrated skin is a condition…
Knowing the difference between dry skin and dehydrated skin is very important. Treating your skin for exactly what it needs ensures you’re creating the healthiest skin environment in which it can age the best.